THE RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT 2009 (Requires Conducting of Teachers Eligibility Test - TET)


THE RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT 2009 (Requires Conducting of Teachers Eligibility Test - TET) : The Government of India has passed THE RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT 2009. The Act provides to every child from 6 to 14 years to have a right of compulsory and free education in a neighborhood school till the completion of elementary education. The local government or authority is under obligation to establish requisite number of school to impart compulsory elementary education. Financial and other responsibilities shall be shared by the state government and central government. The Act is available in detail at http://www.ncte-india.org/Norms/RTE-1.pdf. Salient features of the act are :

·         Duties of appropriate government
·         Duties of Local Authority
·         Duties of Parents and Guardian
·         Extent of school’s responsibility for free education.
·         No capitation fees and screening for admission.
·         Proof of age for admission.
·         No denial of admission
·         Prohibition of holding back and expulsion.
·         No school to be established without obtaining certificate of recognition.
·         Norms and standard for school.
·         Power to amend schedule.
·         School Management Committee.
·         School Development Plan.
·         Qualifications for appointment and terms and conditions of service of teachers.
·         Duties of teachers and redressal of grienvances.
·         Pupil Teacher Ratio.
·         Filling up of vacancies of teachers.
·         Prohibition of deployment of teachers for non educational purposes.
·         Prohibition of private tution by teachers.
·         Curriculum and evaluation procedure.
·         Examination and completion procedure.
·         Monitoring of child’s right to education.
·         Constitution of National and State Advisory Councils.
·         Previous sanction for prosecution.
·         Protection of action taken in good faith.
·         Powers of appropriate Government to make rules.
·         Norms and standards for schools (No. of Teachers, Building, Minimum no. of working days, minimum no. of working hours, Teaching learning equipments, Library, play material games and sports,
Complete details are available in the THE RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION ACT 2009.